The gold market is large and complex. Gold is mined on every continent except Antarctica, shipped around the world to be refined, and sold to a diverse set of end users: central banks, institutional and retail investors, technology companies, and jewellers. And because gold is valuable and does not corrode, it has a vibrant recycling market: gold is constantly flowing around the world being refined and re-smelted into different products for different end-users.

Because of this complexity, high-quality data about gold is essential to understanding how the gold market works and to informing investment and business decisions. 

At the World Gold Council, we have a high standard when considering data. If we outsource the production of the data – as we do with our supply and demand data set – we go through a rigorous vetting and monitoring process to ensure the data we supply to the market is best in class. If we collate the data ourselves – as we do with gold ETF holdings, central bank reserves, gold price and gold's performance analytics – we have a comprehensive process to ensure our gold data is as accurate as possible.

Across all data points, we strive towards transparency. Each data point comes with a comprehensive methodology note to explain the frameworks in place to produce the data.

Historical gold prices

Gold Data - Historical gold prices

This data set provides the gold price over a range of timeframes (daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly, annually) going back to 1978, and in the major trading, producer, and consumer currencies. 

Gold price data is updated weekly. Learn about our gold price data methodology.

Supply and demand

Watch the video to learn about our Gold Demand Trends reports.

Our supply and demand data (produced by Metals Focus) tracks changes in demand across sectors and countries, and changes in mine production, recycling and net producer hedging. 

A detailed commentary explaining the factors driving the changes in supply and demand can be found in our quarterly Gold Demand Trends report. 


Reserve statistics

Gold Data - Reserve statistics

Gold plays an important part in central banks’ reserves management, and they are significant holders of gold. This gold reserve data – compiled using IMF IFS statistics – tracks central banks’ reported purchases and sales along with gold as a percentage of their foreign exchange reserves.

This data is updated monthly. 

Additional commentary around central bank purchases and sales can be found in Gold Demand Trends.


Gold Data - ETFs

Launched in the early 2000s, ETFs have become an important part of the gold market. This is the most comprehensive and detailed data set on physically backed gold ETFs in the market. 

This data is updated monthly. 

Additional commentary around ETF flows can be found in Gold Demand Trends.

Performance analytics

Gold Data - Performance analytics

Gold's benefits to investors are best understood in context with other assets and from a global perspective. As such, we publish performance metrics (returns, volatility and correlations) for gold and relevant asset classes in multiple currencies. 

This gold data is updated monthly. 

More insight around the investment case for gold can be found in Gold Investor