How gold is mined and the project life-cycle

Gold mining - How gold is mined and the project life-cycle

Long before any gold can be extracted, significant exploration and development needs to take place, both to determine, as accurately as possible, the size of the deposit as well as how to extract and process the ore efficiently, safely and responsibly.

Interactive gold mining map

Gold mining - Interactive gold mining map

Gold mining is a global business with operations on every continent, except Antarctica, and mines of widely varying types and scale. The vast majority of the world’s gold was mined in the modern, post-war era and as the industry has evolved it has also diversified.

Explore our interactive gold mining map to learn more about global mine production.

Social and economic impacts

Gold mining - Social and economic impacts

Despite the scale of the global gold mining industry, its socio-economic impacts are not well understood. This report draws together a range of indicators illustrating gold mining’s significant contributions to socio-economic development. The report’s overall aim is to increase the understanding of these contributions, improving the ability of industry participants and stakeholders to work towards more effective partnerships that deliver shared value.

Conflict-Free Gold Standard

Developed by the World Gold Council and based upon internationally-recognised benchmarks, the Conflict-Free Standard helps companies to provide assurance that their gold is not contributing to conflict.

Download the Standard and supporting guidance materials for both implementing companies and the practitioners engaged to report on their compliance.  They were developed through an intensive consultation process involving governments, civil society and supply chain participants.

Gold and Malaria

Gold mining - Gold and Malaria

Member companies operate in many of the world’s lowest-income countries. These countries often lack developed health care services, and face the enormous task of dealing with poor nutrition and communicable diseases, including HIV, tuberculosis and malaria. Responsible mining companies see shared value in helping host countries to tackle public health challenges and improve the quality of life for their employees and host communities through corporate social responsibility programmes and occupational health initiatives. Dr Trevor Keel - Head of Technology, reports on the progress being made in the fight against Malaria in Ghana.