- Large-scale gold mining is complex and extremely capital-intensive.
- It is geographically diverse, occurring on all continents apart from Antarctica.
- The life-cycle of a gold mine is long: it takes 10 to 20 years on average before a mine is ready to begin operating.
- Mining companies have the option to sell gold which is still in the ground now at a specified future price – known as hedging.
- Responsible gold mining can benefit the economy and population of the host country.