How gold is mined

The lifecycle of a gold mine

People in hard hats working underground is what often comes to mind when thinking about how gold is mined. Yet mining the ore is just one stage in a long and complex gold mining process. Long before any gold can be extracted, significant exploration and development needs to take place, both to determine, as accurately as possible, the size of the deposit as well as how to extract and process the ore efficiently, safely and responsibly. On average, it takes between 10-20 years before a gold mine is even ready to produce material that can be refined.


Click on one of the life-cycle stages below to learn more:


Gold mine exploration
Gold mine development
Gold mining operation
Gold mine closure
Gold mine reclamation