Employment and training
Equipping local communities with skills and training helps gold mining companies to build a workforce for the long-term and helps individuals into productive employment. This is particularly important in developing countries, where responsible gold mining can create economic opportunities that have an impact beyond the immediate life of mine operations.
Gold mining companies employ large numbers of people, often in remote areas suffering from high rates of unemployment. In 2013, 15 Member companies of the World Gold Council who provided data for the Responsible Gold Mining and Value Distribution report employed almost 162,000 people. 16% of all expenditure incurred within the host country was paid in wages and salaries.
Case study: Developing a skilled workforce
Kinross’ Kupol operations are located in the remote Chukotka region of northeastern Russia, 200 kilometres from the nearest town. While mining has historically been a cornerstone of the region’s economy, most of the previous mining was completed decades ago and did not employ modern technologies. Kupol is one of only a few significant employers in the area, providing much-needed jobs at its two underground mines – Kupol and Dvoinoye, and processing mill.
The mine operates an on-site training centre that helps locals acquire the skills to work at modern mining operations. Workers who complete the training receive accredited professional certifications recognised throughout Russia under a licence obtained from Chukotka’s Department of Education. Currently, the centre provides 36 different certificates in such careers as underground miner and haul truck driver. Since the centre opened in 2008, approximately 2,000 people have been trained and Kinross has issued more than 860 certificates to employees, including 67 indigenous residents
Case study: Partnerships for skills training in Tanzania
In Tanzania, gold mining companies and the Tanzanian government have formed a partnership specifically to address the need for technical vocational skills in the local mining sector.
Led by AngloGold Ashanti and Acacia Mining plc, the Integrated Mine Technical Training (IMTT) Programme was initiated in 2008 through the Tanzanian Chamber of Minerals and Energy and the Tanzanian Vocational Education and Training Authority. Hosted by an existing vocational training centre in Moshi, the IMTT programme offers training aligned with international standards. AngloGold Ashanti and Acacia Mining plc sponsor 80 per cent of the students, with nine other mining companies supporting the remainder.
The programme is an example of how leading gold-mining companies can work with local authorities to design public-private partnerships that have a meaningful impact on the ground.